(Updated March 23, 2003)
*ANTHROPOLOGY 230 (3) - Anthropology of East Asia. An exploration of the human geography, demography, and social and cultural organization of East Asian societies, intended to help students develop a synoptic view of this important region. Readings include both classics of East Asian anthropology and recent scholarship; films and music add visual and aural dimensions. In addition to work with local library resources and traditional tools of scholarship, students use Geographic Information System (GIS) software to create maps, and will develop and publish web projects expressive of their particular interests. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in social sciences (area 6d).Blackmer. Fall
*ART 351 (3) - Early Renaissance Art in Florence. Prerequisite: Art 251 or permission of the instructor. Examination of the intellectual, cultural, and artistic movements dominant in Florence between ca. 1400 and ca. 1440. Image and structure produced by Ghiberti, Brunelleschi, Masaccio, Donatello, and Fra Angelico are considered within the context of Florentine social traditions and political events. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4). Bent. Winter 2003 and alternate years.
BIOLOGY 241 (3) - Ornithology. Prerequisite: Biology 112.Limited enrollment. This course integrates studies of bird biology with field observation and identification of local bird species. Topics covered include anatomy, taxonomy, reproduction, vocalization, migration, ecology, and evolution. Field trips to a variety of areas throughout Virginia emphasize identification skills and basic field research techniques. Cabe. Spring
BIOLOGY 242 (3) - Field Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Prerequisite: Biology 112. The southern Appalachians region has an exceptionally high diversity of amphibians and reptiles. This course focuses on the behavior, ecology, and evolution of these animals through field research projects and trips to a number of habitats in the mountains and piedmont of Virginia. Students also examine current threats to the health of endangered amphibian and reptile populations. Marsh. Spring
BIOLOGY 243 (4) - Animal Behavior. Prerequisite: Biology 112. An introduction to the scientific study of animal behavior, including exploration of the evolutionary basis of behavior and examination of how animals choose mates, defend territories, find food, and avoid predators. Field and laboratory exercises focus on testing hypotheses through experiments with a variety of animals including fish, amphibians, birds, and humans. Laboratory course. Marsh. Fall
*BIOLOGY 246 (3) - Biological Diversity. Prerequisite: Biology 112 or permission of the instructor. What are the major groups of plants and animals, how are they distributed on Earth, and how do important biogeographical patterns reflect ecological and evolutionary processes? The answers to these questions are crucial to conservation efforts and to predicting changes in "biodiversity" during a time of unprecedented, rapid environmental change.This course may satisfy the general education requirement in sciences and mathematics (area 5c.). Hurd, Knox. Fall
CHEMISTRY 241S (4) ‑ Organic Chemistry I at St. Andrews. Prerequisite: An average grade of 3.0 or better in Chemistry 111 and 112 or the equivalent, a 3.000 cumulative grade‑point average, and permission of the Committee on International Education. General theory of organic chemistry directed toward the basic functional groups of organic compounds. Laboratory work includes the preparation of typical organic compounds and an introduction to organic spectroscopic methods. This is the first course of a sequence which will satisfy the entrance requirements of all medical schools. Taught at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland with final grade assigned by W&L faculty member. Laboratory course. Staff. Fall
*Computer Science 101 (4) - Survey of Computer Science. A survey of some of the major areas of computer science such as algorithms and data structures, digital logic, computer organization, and theory of computation. Includes a brief introduction to Java programming. Lectures and formal laboratories. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in computer science and mathematics (area 5b.). Staff. Fall, Winter
COMPUTER SCIENCE 210 (4) - Computer Organization. Prerequisite: Computer Science 111. Multilevel machine organization studied at the levels of digital logic, microprogramming, conventional machine, operating system, and assembly language. The weekly laboratory session includes Unix fundamentals and programming using C++. Laboratory course. Necaise, Whaley. Fall
Computer Science 321 (3) - Computer Networks. Prerequisites: Computer Science 210 and 211.Intended as a first course in communication networks for upper‑level students. Covers concepts and protocols underlying modern computer networks. Topics include network architecture and layering, routing and switching, the TCP/IP protocol and network applications. Theory and programming. Necaise. Fall
ENGINEERING 255 (Physics 255) (3) - C++ for Engineering and Physics. Prerequisite: Physics 112. An introduction to the C++ computing language, with applications characteristic of computation-intensive work in engineering and physics. Difference approximations to differential equations, stochastic methods, graphical presentation, and nonlinear dynamics are among the topics covered. Students need not have previous experience with C++. Williams. Spring
*HISTORY 114 (3) - Seminar: The World of Dante. A reading of Dante’s Divine Comedy in the context of the emergence of Renaissance art and culture in Florence, and the church-state conflicts and scholastic culture of his time. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4). Peterson. Spring 2002 and alternate years
*HISTORY 115 (3) - Seminar: The Machiavellian Moment. An examination of the republican vision of history and politics elaborated by Machiavelli in his Prince, Discourses on Livy, and Florentine Histories, in the contexts of preceding humanist thought and the political crises of the late Italian Renaissance. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4). Peterson. Spring 2001 and alternate years
*HISTORY 305 (3) - Seminar: Religion, Church and Politics in Medieval and Renaissance Society. Prerequisite: History 100, or 301 and 302, or 303, or permission of the instructor. The seminar draws on primary and secondary sources to examine the rise of Christianity in Europe, church-state relations, scholastic theology, mendicant piety, lay religious life, mysticism, heresy, humanism, gender and religion, urban and rural contexts, and church reform. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4). Peterson. Winter 2002 and alternate years
*HISTORY 323 (3) - Ethical Issues and World War II. An examination of some of the key moral questions which arose immediately before, during and after World War II. These include Anglo-French appeasement in the 1930s; the Nazi temptation and the responses of the Christian churches; the dilemmas of Jewish people and their leaderships in occupied Europe; moral self-righteousness and mass murder; the ethics of area bombing; Allied repatriation of prisoners of war to Communist-controlled countries; revenge and retribution; the comparability of Nazi and Soviet criminality. Burleigh. Winter
*HISTORY 324 (3) - Seminar: Totalitarianism. The evolution of the concept of totalitarianism from the 1920s to the present. Students study some of the classics of the literature, including George Orwell, Carl J. Friedrich, Z.Brzezinski, Francois Furet, Karl-Dietrich Bracher, and Hannah Arendt, as well as the political purposes the concept sometimes served during the Cold War. Burleigh. Spring
These courses may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4).
*HISTORY 382 (3) - Occupied Japan, 1945-1952. An examination of the political, cultural, social, and economic history of Japan during the Allied (mainly American) occupation. Using memoirs, biographies, novels, historical studies, and films, the period is viewed from both Japanese and Western perspectives. Jeans. Spring 2004 and every fourth year.
*HISTORY 385 (3) - Westerners in Modern China. A study of Western diplomats, scholars, soldiers, businessmen, missionaries, and advisers and supporters of the Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party in China from the Opium War (1839-1842) until the present. Using memoirs, biographies, and films, these men and women are viewed from both Western and Chinese perspectives. Jeans. Spring 2003 and every fourth year
INTERDEPARTMENTAL 102 (1) - Field Work in Poverty Studies. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Corequisite: Interdepartmental 101. Sustained critical reflection on pivotal issues in poverty studies based on supervised volunteer work, journals, and weekly discussions in relation to the reading in Interdepartmental 101. The course culminates with a paper integrating readings and field work. Beckley. Fall
INTERDEPARTMENTAL 395 (3) - Special Topics in Environmental Ethics. This course explores areas of topical concern within the field of environmental ethics. The issue discussed may vary from year to year. May be repeated for degree credit with permission and if the topics are different. Cooper. Spring
JOURNALISM 262 (3) - Electronic Journalism. Prerequisites: Journalism 201 and 203 (Politics 203). The principles and techniques of information gathering, news writing, and presentation for the electronic media. Extensive laboratory work preparing local, national, and international news for radio and television with continued emphasis on responsible journalism. de Maria. Fall, Winter
JOURNALISM 365 (3) - Public Affairs. Prerequisite: Junior standing. Research, planning, and execution of public affairs programming on television and the Internet. Theoretical and practical approach. Appropriate for non-majors. de Maria
MANAGEMENT 320 (3) - E-Commerce Management. Prerequisites: Economics 101 and 102, at least junior standing, and permission of the instructor. A study of the developing area of e-commerce. This course examines entrepreneurial, strategic, and legal aspects of using the Internet for business purposes. Emphasis is on a managerial perspective, rather than a technical perspective, of e-commerce. Topics include Internet infrastructure, innovation, change, competition, intellectual property, and privacy. Case studies are used extensively, and students prepare written and oral case discussions and present collaborative research projects. Garvis. Winter
*PHILOSOPHY 258 (3) - Philosophy of Law. Examination of topics in jurisprudence such as the concepts of a law and of a legal system; the legal positivist, legal realist, and natural theories of law; the nature of the relationship between law and morality; civil disobedience; freedom of speech; and the justification of punishment. Readings taken from Plato, Thomas Aquinas, Henry David Thoreau, John Stuart Mill, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Martin Luther King, Jr., John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Catharine MacKinnon. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4).Mahon. Spring
*PHYSICAL EDUCATION 195 - Outdoor Activities. Offered when departmental and Outing Club resources permit. May be repeated for a maximum three activities with permission and if the activities are different. Activities may include caving, climbing, fly fishing, kayaking, orienteering, and SCUBA. Outing Club Staff. Fall (1st six weeks), Winter (2nd six weeks), Spring.
*PHYSICAL EDUCATION 204 - Intercollegiate Field Hockey. Staff. Fall
These courses may satisfy the general education requirement in physical education (area 7).
PHYSICS 211 (1) - Modern Physics Laboratory. Prerequisite or corequisite: Physics 210. Laboratory exercises covering topics in Physics 210, Modern Physics. Donaghy. Fall
PHYSICS 225 (Engineering 225) (3) - Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering. Prerequisite: Physics 112, Mathematics 221. Study of a collection of mathematical techniques particularly useful in upper-level courses in physics and engineering: vector differential operators such as gradient, divergence, and curl; functions of complex variables; Fourier analysis; orthogonal functions; and matrix algebra and the matrix eigenvalue problem. Williams. Winter
PHYSICS 260 (Engineering 260) (3) - Materials Science. Prerequisite: Physics 112. An introduction to solid state materials. Study of the relation between microstructure and corresponding physical properties for metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. Van Ness. Winter
*POLITICS 240 (3) - Seminar on Elections and Government in Western Democracies. Prerequisite: Politics 100 or 101. This course addresses foundations of and developments and changes in the electoral systems, constitutions, and political processes of western democracies (Europe, the Americas, Australia, and New Zealand). Emphasis is on theories of government, electoral laws and reform, and the impact of different institutional arrangements on political processes. Each year, the course also includes case studies of contemporary reform movements in particular countries. Rush. Fall
PSYCHOLOGY 453 (3), 456 (6) - Internship. Prerequisite: Permission of the department. Supervised off-campus experience in a local agency, research organization, or other venues approved by the department. Requires a research paper in addition to off-campus activities. Margand, Woodzicka.
*UNIVERSITY SCHOLARS 201 (3) - The Machine and The Garden: History and Prospects of Humanity Computing. This course may be counted toward the 12 hours required for the general education requirement in fine arts, history, philosophy, and religion (area 4) but may not be used to satisfy the requirement that courses be selected from two areas. How did computers become entwined in every aspect of our lives? What can we expect in the next 20 years of the evolution of silicon-based life forms? This course uses classic texts, syntheses, predictions, critiques, and fictional extrapolations to explore technological history, scientific and social implications, philosophical issues, and utopian visions of the computer. Students undertake research projects presented as web pages. Blackmer. Spring 2000.
*UNIVERSITY SCHOLARS 202 (3) - Unfinished Science: Experiments and Uncertainty. This course is about science in action not science accomplished. Science does not wholly consist of unquestioned facts recorded in textbooks and journals. In every scientific field, there are contested hypotheses which are at odds with the available evidence. By examining in detail real cases of disputed hypotheses, students learn about the relation between hypothesis and evidence and how scientists manage uncertainty. The course is divided into four sections: 1) philosophical and sociological theories of scientific change and the relationship among experiment, evidence, and theory; 2) origin of life on earth as a scientific problem, including discussions of the differences between historical and laboratory science, various models and evidence for the origin of life, and substitution of computer simulations for experimentation; 3) string theory and discussion of how a theory without confirming empirical evidence becomes prominent -- comparisons with Einstein's 1915 General Theory of Relativity and the agenda of the Pythagoreans, cases in which faith in the "truth" was based more on aesthetic judgment than comparison of prediction and experiment; and 4) vaccinations: central unresolved questions which affect public health policy, including investigation of the history of immunization, advances in vaccine research, immunological bases for vaccination, processes of vaccine development and administration of vaccination programs. Meets general education area 5c. Wilson, Desjardins, Williams, Simurda
*UNIVERSITY SCHOLARS 202 (4) - Natural Science Seminar: Time Machines. Prerequisite: Mathematics 101 or higher, with a minimum grade of B. We already know that it is possible to time travel into the future; backward time travel would make all of history a fantastic tourist attraction. This fantasy has not been neglected by Hollywood where time machines are fueled by runaway imagination rather than science. This seminar is at once a look at the creative use of time travel in literature and film, at the beautiful physics and geometry of space-time lying behind these wonderful tales, and at the troublesome time-travel paradoxes and their treatment (and sometimes mistreatment) by philosophers and scientists. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in sciences and mathematics (area 5c.) McRae. Winter 2001
*UNIVERSITY SCHOLARS 203 (3) - Social Science Seminar: The Sovereign Citizen in the Global World. Despite their diversity, advocates of democracy are bound by a common adherence to the idea that true "rule by the people" is founded on the notion of a sovereign citizen. The citizen's consent to be governed is suspect unless one possesses some power of choice of methods and outcomes for public processes—unless the citizen can, in a real way, affect the circumstances of his or her existence. This course takes up the challenge that globalization presents to the understanding of the sovereign democratic citizen. Students examine the evidence that the nations and peoples of the world are indeed becoming more interconnected, and investigate what the trends of interconnection mean for the individual. We ask where and on what terms a sovereign citizen is possible and where and why that ideal is thoroughly compromised. Finally, we try to think together about what thoughtful democrats ought to do in the face of the changing nature of power relationships in our world. Readings cover both the nature of globalization processes and the problem of defining citizen sovereignty in contemporary politics. This course meets the general education requirement in social sciences (area 6 as politics). Le Blanc (Winter 2001)
Classics 295 (3), Greek Drama in Performance offered in Winter 2001 as a course which may satisfy the general education requirement in literature (area 3).
*Computer Science 111 (4) - Fundamentals of Programming I. A disciplined approach to programming with Java. Emphasis is on problem-solving methods, algorithm development, and object-oriented concepts. lectures and formal laboratories. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in sciences and mathematics (area 5b.). Staff. Fall, Winter
Computer Science 112 (3) - Fundamentals of Programming II. Prerequisite: Computer Science 111. A continuation of Computer Science 111. Emphasis is on the use and implementation of data structures, introductory algorithm analysis, and object-oriented design and programming with Java. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in sciences and mathematics (area 5c.). Staff. Winter
Approve general education designation in literature (area 3) for Classics 295A (3), The Classical Epic Tradition: Homer to Joyce, and Classics 295B (3), Greek and English Tragedy, to be taught during Spring 2000 by Kevin Crotty and Christopher Pelling, respectively.
*ENGLISH 312 (3) - Chaucer, Dante, Langland: Vision and Life. Prerequisite: Three credits in English. A study of the major visionary narratives of the late Middle Ages which, springing out of personal crisis, imagine other worlds in order to explore urgent social, political, religious, and philosophical issues. Chaucer's four visions, Dante's Divine Comedy, Langland's Piers Plowman. Also, medieval biography (The Book of Margery Kempe) and some medieval drama. Craun. Winter 2003 and alternate years
*HISTORY 306 (3) - Seminar: Medieval and Renaissance Political Thought. Prerequisite: History 100, 301, 302, 303, or permission of the instructor. The seminar draws on primary and secondary sources to survey the evolution of legal and political thought from St. Augustine to Machiavelli. Topics include church-state relations, scholasticism, the revivals of Greek and Roman thought, and humanism. Readings include St. Augustine, John of Salisbury, Thomas Aquinas, Marsilius of Padua, Leonardo Bruni, and Niccolò Machiavelli. Peterson. Winter 2001 and alternate years
*HISTORY 326 (3) - European Intellectual History, 1880 to the Present. An examination of major themes in western intellectual history from the 1880s to the present, including both political ideologies and cultural trends. Burleigh. Fall
JOURNALISM 263 (3) - Reporting for Electronic Media. Prerequisite: Journalism 262. Continuing development of news judgment, information gathering, and news presentation for the electronic media. Students develop competence in the principles and techniques of beat reporting for radio, television, and the Internet. Artwick, de Maria. Fall, Winter
- renumber and revise Psychology 220 (3), Psychoactive Drugs and Behavior, Psychology 302 (3), Theories of Personality, and Psychology 180 (4), Research Design and Analysis, respectively, as follows:
*PSYCHOLOGY 150 (3) - Psychoactive Drugs and Behavior. An introduction to broad psychological perspectives of drug use, misuse, and abuse. The pharmacological and physiological actions of psychoactive drugs, as well as personality and social variables that influence their use, are considered. Emphasis is given to historically significant and currently popular drugs of abuse. This course may satisfy the general education requirement in social sciences (area 6). R. Stewart. Spring
PSYCHOLOGY 202 (3) - Theories of Personality. Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology. An examination of the principal interpretations of personality development and organization. Woodzicka. Fall
PSYCHOLOGY 250 (4) - Research Design and Analysis. Prerequisite: Psychology 120 or permission of the instructor. Students learn about the design and analysis of psychological research, with particular emphasis on experimentation. Students learn statistical inference appropriate for hypothesis testing, and they use standard statistical packages to analyze data. Laboratory course. Elmes, Woodzicka. Fall
(Sociology 222) (3) - Structural Linguistics
Computer Science 201 (3) - Fundamentals of Computer Science III
Engineering 312 (3), Heat Transfer, Engineering 331 (3), Rigid Body Dynamics
Engineering 360 (Physics 360) (3), Physical Metallurgy
History 153 (3), Seminar in European History and Literature for Freshmen and Sophomores
History 154 (3), Seminar in European History and Literature for Freshmen and Sophomores.
Journalism 265 (3), Television Production
Journalism 361 (3), Broadcast Journalism.
Management 230 (3), Public Administration. The cross-listed course, Politics 230, remains in the curriculum.
Politics 362 (Sociology 362) (3), Organizational Analysis and Pubic Policy
Revisions to Major and Program Requirements
revise art history major:
"3.a. Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque: Art 200, ...350, 351, 352 ..."
Revised the major requirements in biology leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree
"3b. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology:Biology 230*, 231*, 235*, 240*, 241, 242, 243*, 245*, 246, 295 ..."
Revised the major requirements as follows
"A major in computer science leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 41 credits, including the following:
1. Computer Science 111, 112, 210, 211, 312, 313; Mathematics 121
2. either Computer Science 423 or 493 (3‑3)
3. either Mathematics 102 or 122
4. two courses chosen from Computer Science 315 or higher-numbered courses
5. six additional credits in computer science, excluding Computer Science 120
A major in computer science leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits, including the following
1. Computer Science 111, 112, 210, 211, 312, 313; Mathematics 102, 121, 222
2. either Computer Science 423 or 493 (3‑3)
3. two courses chosen from Computer Science 315 or higher-numbered courses
4. six additional credits in computer science, excluding Computer Science 120
5. six additional credits in mathematics at the 200‑level or above
Additional courses required as prerequisites for completion of the above include Mathematics 101 and 102.
In order that the discrete mathematics requirement for Computer Science 211, 312, and 313 be completed in a timely fashion, freshmen expecting to major in computer science are encouraged to take Mathematics 121 in their freshman year.
Chemistry: Revised the major requirements in
chemistry as follows:
The major requirements in chemistry, whether leading to a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, or Bachelor of Science with Special Attainments in Chemistry, and in chemistry-engineering are revised to read "241 or 241S," wherever Chemistry 241 is referenced.
Cognitive Science: Discontinue the cognitive science program, drop the major, and delete Cognitive Science 110 (3), Introduction to Cognitive Science, Cognitive Science 395 (1,2, or 3), Special Topics in Cognitive Science, Cognitive Science 403 (3), Directed Individual Study, and Cognitive Science 473 (3), Senior Thesis, effective immediately.
Computer Science: Revise the
computer science major as follows:
"A major in computer science leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 42 credits, including the following: ...
5.a. six additional credits in computer science, excluding Computer Science 120..."
"A major in computer science leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 50 credits, including the following: ...
4. six additional credits in computer science, excluding Computer Science 120..."
East Asian studies:
Revise the major as follows:
"...2. History 103 or 104
3. East Asian Studies 190 ...
4. One course each chosen from six of the following eight groups (18 credits total): Anthropology 230 ..."
-added HISTORY 382 and HISTORY 385 to the major in East Asian Studies.
Approved revising the requirements for the Environmental Studies
Program as follows:
"The Environmental Studies Program is an interdisciplinary program of study requiring an understanding of the sciences, social sciences and the humanities, designed to educate students in a broad class of issues related to the environment and humanity's place in the natural world. Students are educated not as experts in any one discipline but to understand how insights from different disciplines complement each other. This is not only a unique academic experience but it also expands the students capacity as citizens, aware of the scientific, ethical, and policy issues they will face in their local communities, their professions and in the broader world community.
The Environmental Studies Program is not a major, and students may not complete both the program and the major in environmental studies in geology. Students interested in the Environmental Studies Program are encouraged to talk to the director of the program early in their academic careers in order to plan a program best structured to their academic needs and career plans. Students identified by the director of the program as having completed the requirements will have a notation placed on their transcripts at graduation.
The program requires completion of the following 25 or 26 credits:
1. Required courses: Interdepartmental 110, 397, Philosophy 108
2. Social Sciences: one course from each of the following two areas.
a. Economics 101, Politics 100
b. Economics 297 (when appropriate), Politics 233
3. Natural and Physical Sciences: one course from each of the following two areas.
a. Biology 101, Geology 100 or 101
b. Biology 245, 246, Geology 141, 150
4. Humanities: one course chosen from English 380 (when appropriate), Interdepartmental 395, Philosophy 260
Most of these courses fulfill certain general education requirements and may be applicable to the majors in each of the departments.
In addition to the courses in the interdisciplinary program, several other courses on campus address environmental subjects.
Biology 101‑Environmental Biology
Biology 245‑General Ecology
Biology 246‑Biological Diversity
Chemistry 110‑Chemistry of The Earth
Economics 297-Special Topics in Interdisciplinary Economics (when appropriate, such as Environmental Economics or Ecological Economics)
English 380‑Advanced Seminar (when appropriate, such as American Environmental Writing)
Geology 100‑General Geology with Field Emphasis
Geology 101‑General Geology
Geology 141‑Global Climate Change
Geology 146‑Geology of Natural Resources
Geology 150‑Water Resources
Geology 397‑Seminar (when appropriate)
Interdepartmental 395‑Special Topics In Environmental Ethics
Interdepartmental 397‑Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies
Philosophy 108‑Ethics and the Environment
Philosophy 260‑Philosophy of Nature
Physics 110‑Energy and the Environment
Politics 233‑Environmental Policy
Note that many departments offer special topics courses and that these often have environmental studies themes."
Geology: revise the
requirements for the geology majors as follows:
"A major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Science degree consists of 50 credits as follows:
1. Geology 160, 185, 211, 311, ...
3. Additional courses must be selected from among ..."
"A major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires 40 credits as follows:
1. Geology 185, 211
2. At least 21 additional credits in geology including at least 12 credits numbered 200 or above
3. Additional courses must be selected from among ..."
Journalism and Mass Communications:
Revise the major requirements as follows:
"A major in journalism and mass communications leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of the following
1. At least 31 credits and no more than 37 credits in journalism. This total must include Journalism 101, 190, 201, 203 (Politics 203), 301, and either 243 or 344 (Interdepartmental 344) and completion of one of the following sequences
a. Print journalism: Journalism 253, 351, 356, and 453
b. Electronic journalism: Journalism 262, 263, 356 and 453
c. Communications: three additional courses chosen from the following, with at least one from each of the two groups: Professional courses: Journalism 253, 262, 263, 351, 352, 353, and 356
Non-professional courses: Journalism 221, 243, 295, 318, 319, 322, 338, 344 (Interdepartmental 344), 346, 365 and 397
2. 12 credits at the 200 level or above in another discipline, subject to the approval of the department
The two professional sequences, print journalism and electronic journalism, are appropriate for students who plan a career in the mass media.
The communications sequence is appropriate for students seeking a general liberal arts major. Those considering advertising or public relations should supplement the major with extensive work in economics, management, and accounting. ...
Renaissance studies: Revise the major requirements as follows:
"3.a. History and History of Science: History 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306 ...
d. Fine Arts: Art 205, 206, 250, 251, 280, 285, 349, 350, 351, 352 ..."
Neuroscience: Revise the major
requirements and course list in neuroscience as follows:
"2. One course chosen from Biology 243, 250, 255, and 365"
Physics and Engineering:
Revise major requirements as follows
"A major in physics leading to either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science requires completion of 50 credits including the following:
1. Physics 111, 112, 113, 114, 210, 215, 220, 225 (Engineering 225), 230, 240 (Engineering 240), 340; and Mathematics 332, 333 ..."
"A major in physics‑engineering leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires the completion of 50 credits, no more than six credits of which may be from 400‑level courses, and including the following:
1. Engineering 160, 203, 204, 207 (Physics 207), 225 (Physics 225), 240 (Physics 240), 301, 311, 351; Mathematics 332; and Physics 111, 112, 113, 114 ..."
" The 3‑2 plan in physics‑engineering leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of 50 credits including the following:
1. Chemistry 112; Computer Science 120; Engineering 203, 225 (Physics 225), 301; Mathematics 101, 102, 221, 332; and Physics 111, 112, 113, 114 ..."
Physics: delete the option for earning a Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in physics.
politics major will now require "completion of at least 41 credits."
requirements in politics are also revised as follows:
"...3. 15 additional credits in politics, including at least three credits from each of the following fields:
...b. Comparative Government and International Relations: Politics 214, 221, 223, 227, 240 ..."
Politics and Public Policy: Revise the following major requirements:
"3.c. American Government: Politics 229 ...350 (Sociology 350), 397, 466"
"1. Economics 101, 102, 240, 350, 399, Politics 100, 111, 23, and 232 ...
4. Public Policy 453, 456, or 493 (3-3)"
Approved revising the public policy major requirements as follows:
"..4. Economics 399 or Interdepartmental 397 or Interdepartmental 423..."
the major requirements as follows:
"The psychology major leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of 42 credits in psychology and cognate fields distributed as follows:
1. Psychology 111, 112, 113, 120, 202, 250, 304, and three credits in 403
2. At least one course selected from Psychology 150, 207, 210, 211, 230, and 240..."
"The psychology major leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of 49 or 50 credits in psychology and cognate fields distributed as follows:
1. Psychology 111, 112, 113, 120, 250, 304, 403 and 473..."
Sociology 245 (Politics 245) (3),
European Politics and Society,
and Sociology 246 (Politics 246) (3), Post-Communism and New
Democracies, to the Russian studies major as follows. (This action was
originally reported in the committee's October 12, 1999, minutes but required
further discussion by the Russian Studies Committee.)
"A major in Russian studies ...
4. 12 credits chosen from ...
Politics 223, 245 (Sociology 245), 246 (Sociology 246), 357 ...
Sociology 225, 245 (Politics 245), 246 (Politics 246)"
Automatic Rule: Approved removing the phrase "on probation" from the Automatic Rule policy. The new wording follows.
"At the end of an academic term, students are suspended under the Automatic Rule and thus sever their connection with the University if the cumulative grade-point average of all work attempted at Washington and Lee falls below the following standards: ..."
Special Students: add the following language to the section on special students on page 40 of the 2000-2001 catalog:
"A non‑degree student who is registered for no fewer than six credits during the fall or winter term or three credits during the spring term and who is simultaneously employed at Washington and Lee as a special student language assistant is considered by the University to be maintaining a full course of study."